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What Is Good Art?

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What Is Good Art?

Art has been called the language of the soul. This is because art can be defined as anything that gives pleasure and satisfaction beyond normal activity. This means that art can range from very simple decorative arts to highly sophisticated scientific experiments. Art basically involves an interaction between the artist and the spectator. The artist creates the work of art in one form or another in relation to the desires of the audience.

There are many different ways of seeing art. For the sake of simplicity art is usually divided into two general categories. First is the abstract types of art, such as paintings and sculptures. Abstract art can be abstract in its style, message, and medium. On the other hand there are also the more realistic styles of art, which would involve the use of actual materials and human expression.

The art of today is usually more technological than it is conceptual. This means that the medium of art is usually electronic or computer generated. Computer generated art can be seen in painting techniques, video art, or performance art. For the purpose of this discussion we will be focusing on the latter, modern art.

Modern art is an artistic style of painting that is characterized by an exaggerated presentation of natural elements. This art style usually looks like photographs, illustrations, or paintings of things that are happening around the artist. This kind of painting has come to dominate the field of modern art. There are a lot of factors that contribute to the appearance of such paintings. These include but are not limited to color patterns, movement, lighting, and the use of textured surfaces.

In the last decade art has become more popular among people of all ages. This is mainly due to the evolution and increasing complexity of computers and their associated technologies. Art lovers and professional artists are able to make a comfortable living with their skills and art appreciation through teaching and art teaching. In most cases an artist teaching and sharing his art history has an advantage over those who do not. This is because the former has a better understanding of what good art really is.

The reason why people are drawn to contemporary art is that it is very visually stimulating. This is also one of the reasons why computer generated art has become so popular, especially among kids. A computer generated art style often mimics life around us, especially when it comes to technology and photography. Some popular examples of such contemporary art styles are abstract art, pop art, realism, and art nouveau.

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What Is A Hero?

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What Is A Hero?

In our world, heroes are defined as those who we admire because they fight for us. It is said that heroes are born, not made. And it could be argued by some that if we do not know how to be a hero, we could not possibly be one. We all have certain qualities in us that makes us exceptional. And we have been taught since childhood that these are the qualities we need to be a hero.

A hero is either a natural or a superhuman being who, in the face of adversity, compels strength, courage or ingenuity through deeds of extraordinary courage, ingenuity or strength. As for the term hero, it can mean almost anything. A hero could be a son, a daughter, a friend, a husband, an enemy or just about anybody who exemplifies greatness in his given field. However, like many other often gender-specific words, the hero is usually used to describe any gender, although hero specifically refers to any male. In general, however, hero means “a superior individual with special qualities or abilities.”

So, what makes a hero? There are many different answers to this question, but most agree on one thing: a true hero is always prepared to take personal risk. This does not mean he has to die a glorious death, but he is ready to put himself in grave danger. Most importantly, however, a true hero believes that he is worth risking his life.

Another key characteristic of a true hero is his or her ability to put oneself in the shoes of others. Since heroism involves risking one’s life for others, true heroes learn to be empathetic to others and seek out the suffering and troubles of others before themselves. In the book A Greater Commonness, author Ali Abu-Lughod highlights several qualities that most people lack, and suggests that by developing and improving them we can all become more heroic. These include being a “good listener,” “fair and reasonable,” and being “open and honest.”

Finally, heroes are said to be the protectors and caretakers of those they love. In fact, the greatest heroes seem to spend more time protecting others than trying to save themselves. When asked what they would do if they had an enemy who wanted to kill them, most people would respond by saying that they would fight back to defend their principal character and loved ones. However, few would admit to trying to save themselves, let alone their loved ones. According to the same author, the real hero is the person who “put themselves in a situation in which he must fight back to defend the principal and the values he believes in.” This person is the true hero.

To summarize, heroes act heroically in response to an emergency, a necessity, or a challenge that would otherwise bring harm to others. Although some will argue that there are heroic acts that occur without any cause at all, it is important to remember that those are exceptions, rather than rules. All humans experience pain and loss, and though some may choose to ignore such things, the truth is that all of us react to challenges in our lives in different ways.

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Communist Party Of Kampuchea

The communist party of Kampuchea, commonly known as the Khmer Rouge was the political group led by Pol Pot. When the Khmer Rouge took over Cambodia it was the governing party of Democratic Kampuchea. It is associated with the excesses of the Khmer Rouge and the Cambodian genocide.

It was officially founded in 1951 and renamed in the in 1982.

Precursor to the Communist Party of Kampuchea

The Indochina Communist Party was formed in 1930 as a successor to the original Vietnamese Communist Party. In 1951 it was decided to split the Indochinese Party into separate parties representing Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.

The initial party was called the Khmer Peoples Revolutionary Party (KPPR). The current ruling party of Cambodia, the Cambodian Peoples Party (CPP) trace their lineage to this date. In 2020 Cambodia is littered with billboards celebrating 69 years of the party.

It is here that history becomes very muddy and has resulted in a retconning by both the CPP and the Khmer Rouge. The original party was aligned and heavily influenced by the Vietnamese. This led the later Khmer Rouge leadership, who were much more China orientated to state 1960 as their founding.

According to the Khmer Rouge the failure of the Vietnamese to securee anything for their Cambodian comrades at the 1954 Geneva Conference marked a betrayal to Cambodian communists and necessitated the need for a new communist movement.

Following the majority of Cambodian communists moving into exile in Vietnam a legal party was formed to compete in Cambodian elections, namely the Krom Pracheachon.

Krom Pracheachon

Krom  acted as the legal face for communists in Cambodia. It participated in the 1955 and 1958 elections, but due to harassment and its refusal to join the party of King Sihanouk they were driven underground.

The Paris Students Group

The Paris Students group consisted of what would later become the core leadership of the Khmer Rouge and Democratic Kampuchea. Pol Pot and Ieng Sery were to join the French Communist Party in 1951, which was to be the start of their odyssey that would lead to such devastation in Cambodia.

The Workers Party of Kampuchea

During the 1950’s and after the Paris group had returned to live candesinly in Cambodia the party was basically split into two factions, rural and urban. In 1960 a meeting was held. Much about this meeting has been clouded in mystery and rewrites by both pro and anti Vietnamese factions. What we do know is that the party was renamed into the Workers Party of Kampuchea.

At the part congress Tou Samouth was named party secretary, with Nuon Chea his deputy. Pot Pot and Ieng Sery were elected to central committee.

In 1963 Tou Samouth was killed by the Cambodian government, with Pol Pot elected to replace him as General-Secretary. It was under his leadership that the Khmer Rouge would begin their revolt.

In 1965, only 10 years before they took power it is estimated that the Workers Party of Kampuchea had only 100 members.

Insurgency in Rural Cambodia

In 1963 the Khmer Rouge, or WPK started their insurgency in rural Cambodia. At this point they were aligned with the Vietnamese against the common enemy of the USA and had some minor successes in “liberating” areas.

With that being said they did not enjoy nearly as much success as their Vietnamese brothers and it was the United States that would ironically lead them to power.

The Coup of 1970 and the Communist party of Kampuchea

In 1970 Sihanouk was removed from power in a CIA sponsored coup. Army strongman Lon Nol took power.

In 1971 the party renamed itself to the Communist Party of Kampuchea and after negations brokered by Beijing the communist and the Royalists made a united front against the Lon Nol regime, known by its French acronym GRUNK.

This alliance led to the popular front taking over most of Cambodia by 1973, aided by two major factors. Firstly American carpet bombing of Cambodia and secondly that most peasants thought they were fighting for their king, not communism.

The Khmer Rouge in Power

In 1975 the government of Cambodia fell to the Khmer Rouge. King Sihanouk was to stay as nominal head of state for a short time, but the country was firmly ruled by the Communist Party of Kampuchea.

The ruling central committee, which had hardly changed since its inception consisted of the following members.

What followed was one of the most tyrannical regimes ever to grace the planet, with up to 1/4 of the country dying as result.

The government was overthrown in 1979 following an invasion by Vietnamese forces and their Cambodian allies. This fallowed the brief .

The Khmer Rouge then moved from being the party of government to the a communist insurgency again. In 1982 they changed their name to the Party of Democratic Kampuchea, who on the face of it at least espoused Democratic Socialism. They were once again aligned with the royalist forces of King Sihanouk as part of the.

The party were to again change their name in 1992 to the , with the theory being to take part in the elections of 1993. This was never to happen and the Khmer Rouge were to continue in some way shape, or firm until 1999 and the capture of .

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Animal Body Plan

Animals are multicellular, multirellular organisms which form the Kingdom Animalia. With few exceptions, all animals breathe air, eat organic matter, can move, reproduce by means of sexual reproduction, and develop from a rudimentary sphere of jelly-like cells, the placenta, during early development. Although animals and plants do not have their own brains, they are capable of storing and retrieving information. All living things are connected by cord-like fibers called nerves, which convey both visual and tactile information to the brain. The body parts of animals are generally separated into three general sections: the skin, muscle, and connective tissue.

animal

Insects are one of the simplest kingdom Animalia, with most members having wings, an exoskeleton, and a nervous system. They are the only multicellular organisms with a central nervous system and no genitalia. Insect limbs can be found together in a bundle called the caudal trunk, while the head and thorax (back and front) are covered with hairs. Most insects have wings, which are covered with feathers.

Cephalopods are the largest single class of animal with over 300 known species. They are arthropods, meaning they have both a hard outer shell and soft inner one. Cephalopods have paired fins, and the anal fin is especially long and bent backwards to assist in swimming. In addition to the typical Cephalopod diet of shrimp, clams, snails, other invertebrates, and insects, some cephalopods are specialists at eating various types of mollusks, including oysters, snails, walnuts, clams, and other mollusks.

Bacteria and other unicellular organisms make up the second major class of Kingdom Animalia. These animals are eukaryotes, which are part of the Kingdom Animalia, (and they are also theacteria and other multicellular organisms mentioned above). The eukaryotes generally make up their entire reproductive organ. These animals have a single nucleus, an immune system, and no genitalia (including the female reproductive organ). The entire reproductive process is mediated by the specialized sensory organs (sense organs).

The third kingdom is made up of Archaea. This kingdom contains a number of specialized eukaryotic animals, most notably Archaea (which contains just about all the enzymes required for protein metabolism) and eukaryotes (which can secrete the proteins that build up the body). These organisms are composed of both symbiotic and un symbiotic cells (e.g., symbiotic algae secreting enzymes that enable photosynthesis of food), and a variety of different types of cellular membranes. Some eukaryotes secrete their own proteins and grow independently by means of the intracellular membranes they produce, while others are dependent on other organisms for growth and other functions.

Finally, we have the fourth kingdom of animals, which are the Protista. Protista are single-celled animals with a single nucleus and organelles (which we might term organs). Most have paired organs such as the eye and the mouth. The other organs in these animals are generally separated, and there is specialization within each organ. It is worth noting that the arrangement of many of these organs in both animals is similar to the arrangement in humans: the liver and kidney are on the left side of the body in humans, while the spleen and the pancreas are on the right side.

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Khieu Samphan – Brother Number 4

When we think about the excesses of the Khmer Rouge and the , the obvious first name that comes to mind is Pol Pot, but a machine as brutal as the Khmer Rouge obviously had a number of working cogs.

The brothers of the Khmer Rouge, an informal ranking system remained in place largely unchanged from the 1960’s to the 1990’s and the slow demise of the Khmer Rouge.

Of the 8 members of the  , or party core, some names such as , and Son Sen have become almost as infamous as Pol Pot himself, but one of the most interesting and in some respects most dangerous members of the inner-circle was Khieu Samphan, a man long seen as a moderate within .

Who was Khieu Samphan?

Khieu Samphan was born on 28th July 1931, in Svay Rieng Province to a middle class family of Khmer-Chinese descent. Quite an irony with regards to how people of Chinese ethnicity were to be later treated.

He was sent to study in both Montpellier and Paris in France from where he joined a growing group of left-wing intellectuals that would eventually go on to have such an affect in Cambodian history. He cofounded two organizations in Paris, namely the Khmer Students Association and the Khmer Students Union, both left-wing organizations.

Return to Cambodia

After returning to Cambodia Khieu held a law faculty position at the University of Phnom Penh as well as founding a French language left-wing magazine called L’Observateur. The magazine drew the ire of the government and was eventually banned. He was also hounded by the Cambodian police who not only beat, but humiliated him in public. He was very much under the watchful eye of the one-party state.

Despite this he was invited to join Sangkum, the national movement formed by Sihanouk along with some other notable left-wingers as a way to help appease the left in Cambodia.

He spent almost ten years serving under  the Cambodian government of Sihanouk, before fleeing to the jungle prior to the Lon Nol coup against Sihanouk.

At the time it was rumored that he had been murdered by the regime of Sihanouk. Unbeknown to either Sihanouk, or Lon Nol, but Samphan had remained a secret member of the standing committee of the .

The polite face of the Khmer Rouge

After the overthrow of Sihanouk a rebel government was created by him and the Khmer Rouge, known as the GRUNK. Khieu Samphan, who at the time was seen as a moderate socialist was named deputy Prime-Minister of the GRUNK government.

Samphan in Democratic Kampuchea

The rule of Democratic Kampuchea was famously littered with party purges, many of which occurred against either those with ties to Vietnam, or the former regime of Sihanouk. In this respects he was exactly the type of person that usually would have been purged by Pol Pot. Due to his close friendships with the leader of the Khmer Rouge, not only was not purged, but served as head of state of the country and was known as Brother Number 4. Making him officially at least the 4th most important person in the Khmer Rouge.

You can read more about the brother system in Cambodia .

After the fall of Democratic Kampuchea

After the fall of the Democratic Kampuchea regime Khieu Samphan fled with the rest of the Khmer Rouge and was to remain a central player in the KR until 1997.

In 1985 he officially took over the Khmer Rouge and the newly formed from Pol Pot, although it is widely accepted that Pol Pot remained in de-facto control of the organization. It is largely believed that because Khieu was in some ways seen as a moderate, without direct links to the Killing Fields it would make the Khmer Rouge more policeable to the general and international public.

Defection to the government and imprisonment

In 1997 Khieu Samphan followed Ieng Sary and defected to the government. He initially formed the . Originally it was his intention to go in opposition to the Cambodian Peoples Party, but this was not to occur and the party disappeared into obscurity in 1998.

He was to spend the next 10 years in complete freedom after receiving a royal pardon following his initial defection.

H was eventually arrested in 2007 and after almost 10 years finally received a life sentence for his crimes during the regime and aftermath of the Khmer Rouge. His is the most senior member of the Khmer Rouge still alive. He has denied his involvement in the excesses of the regime and shown little to no remorse.

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The Khmer Rouge – Bff’s of the West

Lets set the scene. The Nazis have been ousted from power after killing over 6 million Jews and other minorities. They are fighting a guerrilla war to regain power and the West not only lets them keep their UN seat, but actively funds them.

Sounds a bit ridiculous, right? Well, that is basically what we did in Cambodia.

I’ll keep the full review of the war in south-East Asia and the brutal regime of Pol Pot and his minions to a minimal here, but we can do a quick recap.

The US was fighting Vietnam and losing badly. As part of this war, they helped with the 1972 overthrow of the King Sihanouk regime in 1972 and his replacement by Lon Nol. This regime was not only very unpopular, but the US continued dropping a shit ton of bombs in the Cambodian countryside. Encouraged by China, an unlikely alliance was formed by the Cambodian communists, also known as the Khmer Rouge and the Sihanouk. This resulted in many Cambodians thinking they were actually fighting for the restoration of the monarchy and led to their eventual victory.

Fast forward to 1975 and the start of the Khmer Rouge regime. Cities were emptied into the countryside, and people started being massacred or starved to death to such a level that in 4 years up to 1/4, or 2 million of the Cambodian population were massacred.

The regime was eventually overthrown by a combined force of Cambodian Khmer Rouge defectors and the Vietnamese army.

The newly installed regime began putting the country back to normal whilst the Khmer Rouge fled to the Thai border and regrouped.

King Sihanouk, a man, clearly not opposed to making the same mistake twice, decided to again align with the Khmer Rouge, and the stage was set for almost 20 more years of civil war. The main reasoning essentially being racist anti-Vietnamese sentiment.

Now you’d expect here that with the genocidal regime overthrown and a new government trying to rebuild things, the West would have been happy, but alas not. This was the cold war where my enemies enemy is my friend, so we decided to not only let Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge keep the seat on the UN but via proxies in Thailand and beyond actually continue funding the maniacs.

The next 13 years were anything but pretty with tens of thousands (including children) being killed or maimed by mines and up to 1/6 to 1/4 of the country being under the control of the Khmer Rouge.

And one of the worst and weirdest parts about this was that in the West, leaders were quite unashamed in their support for the Khmer Rouge. One of the weirdest elements during this whole time was a bizarre interview help by Margaret Thatcher on a UK kids TV show called Blue Peter which is frankly scary as hell, whereby she says pretty much “ah they weren’t all that bad.”

Between 1988 and 1993, peace finally looked like it might be heading Cambodia’s way, with the likelihood of the Khmer Rouge being involved in some form of government looking pretty high. The Khmer Rouge changed into the Coalition Government of Kampuchea, before deciding to boycott elections and continue as the , in opposition to the newly formed government of Cambodia.

After 14 years of wreaking havoc with western support, the Khmer Rouge were now unrecognized but continued to wreak havoc across the country in their own little unrecognized state.

Defections and military losses followed until the death of  in 1998 (ironically at Khmer New Year) and the eventual dissolution of the Khmer Rouge and their last state.

Many have suggested Pol Pot committed suicide, thus evading a trial for his sins, something western governments were probably quite glad about. After all, what Pol Pot would have been able to say about western collusion with his despotic regime would have scared a few of the big players out there.

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Definition of Art – An Overview

Art is basically a broad spectrum of human activities relating to artistic creativity, physical skill, visual sense, physical strength, personal experience, or emotional power to express specific creative ideas, beauty, strength, or emotional power. Art has been defined as an independent field of knowledge which exists to promote the appreciation of the visual aspects of the real and the practical application of the knowledge in daily life. It is widely accepted that, art and culture go together. There has been much development and globalization of art over the past centuries.

art

Generally speaking, art is a subjective collection of artistic expressions developed through time with varying levels of complexity and intent. A common definition is as a form of self-expression that can be presented in a variety of ways and presented in several different mediums. The conventional definition of art has been related to what can be seen easily and what can be understood by the general public. However, contemporary definitions of art include more complex arguments that relate to the politics of creation and what kinds of representation can be socially acceptable. These definitions also involve different definitions of art and the different artistic experiences associated with specific mediums.

The most general explanation of art is the visual art that arises from the human experience. Artistic content arises from observation of the natural and human history and from our representations of the world. The history of art therefore includes the history of literature, music, dramatic productions, architectural structures, color schemes, fashion, and technology. In order to complicate the definition even further, art can be defined as an interaction of the human mind with the external environment and with other human beings. The work of art produced by human beings can be classified in two main approaches: objective art, which attempt to create an actual aesthetic experience, and subjective art, which depend on the emotions and mental states of the creator.

Another definition of art is available in the field of architecture. The definition of architectural art is the decorative output of the architectural structure. This definition excludes sculpture, stone, concrete, and brick work, but includes only the visual aspects of architecture. In terms of a definition of art in this field, artworks that are produced for decoration are not artworks made for any expressive purpose. However, some types of artistic expression may be considered as such under certain conditions.

Art galleries have developed as an important part of the definition of art, since the first exhibition of a painting or sculpture to be shown in an art gallery. Such exhibitions were held to promote appreciation of the art by other people. There are many different types of art galleries, ranging from those that exhibit works of only modern artists to those that display works by famous architects. Many people visit art galleries to see paintings by Picasso or Salvador Dali. The growth of online art galleries has greatly expanded the scope of art exhibitions, allowing people to attend events that would not have been possible before. Many people now choose to buy art online and to view it online, rather than having to travel to see a painting in person.

One very important aspect of art is, of course, the art itself. A work of art can be anything, from an elaborate decorative design to a watercolor painting of flowers. When we speak of art, we generally think of art that is produced for a purpose, whether it is to decorate a home, to decorate a museum, or to enhance a work of art. Therefore, art galleries are important in holding exhibitions of art. Exhibitions are important for the development of art, since it allows other people to see the work of others and get an idea of how they have decorated a building or room, for example.

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Cambodian National Unity Party

Who were the Cambodian National Unity Party? The Cambodian National Unity Party (Khmer: គណបក្សសាមគ្គីជាតិកម្ពុជា) were in essence the successor party to the Party of Democratic Kampuchea, and thus all parties and organizations that preceded it. They were set up as a means for the Khmer Rouge to take part of the UNTAC sponsored elections of 1993.

To read about UNTAC click here.

Origins of the Cambodian National Unity Party

The party can in some respects trace its roots to Khmer Isarrak movement which followed World War 2. The direct original successor of the party though is the Khmer Peoples Revolutionary Party, or which the Cambodian Peoples Party traces its lineage. In 1960 this was to become the Workers Party of Kampuchea, which Pol Pot took over in 1963.

Communist Party of Kampuchea

The party morphed into the Communist Party of Kampuchea in 1971 at the behest of the Chinese. It was the CPK that declared Democratic Kampuchea and ruled the short lived country.

After being overthrown they would remain as the Communist Party of Kampuchea until changing their name to the Party of Democratic Kampuchea in 1982, and officially at least espousing Democratic Socialism rather than extreme-communism/ultra-nationalism. The party was part of the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea.

Emergence of the Cambodian National Unity Party

Peace talks began in 1991, with a quasi-coaltion government that included the Khmer Rouge/Party of Democratic Kampuchea. Initially the Khmer Rouge decided to take part in these elections.

The country was now called the State of Cambodia, with the name “Kampuchea” being linked to both the Khmer Rouge and the Vietnamese sponsored government that followed, meaning a name change was in order. The Cambodian National Unity Party was formed on November 30th 1992, with the plan being to take part in the elections of 1993. For a while it existed in tandem with the Party of Democratic Kampuchea, before succeeding it. Its armed wing was still the National Army of Democratic Kampuchea.

Amazingly the leadership of the party was to remain almost unchanged throughout this whole period.

Refusal to take part in elections

Despite initially planning to take part in the elections of 1993 the Cambodian National Unity Party eventually refused to take part, retreating to the areas it still controlled, such as Pailin and Anlong Veng, from where it would eventually declare its own state within a state.

Not only did it not take part in elections, but after the UN’s failure to disarm went back almost immediately to armed conflict.

The last Khmer Rouge state

The Cambodian National Unity was eventually declared illegal, which led to the formation of the Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia. This completely unrecognized state controlled about 6% of Cambodia at its height, technically under the governance of the Cambodian National Unity Party.

Party Splits

In August 1996, the party suffered a split when Ieng Sery left to the form the Democratic National Union Movement. In May 1997 Khieu Samphan also defected founding the short-lived Khmer National Solidarity Party. Leaving a rump party in Anlong Veng that consisted of Pol Pot, Ta Mok, and Son Sen and of course their supporters.

Leadership of the Cambodian National Unity Party

The Party was initially led by Khieu Samphan, considered the polite face of the Khmer Rouge and Son Sen, although the shadow of Pol Pot was never too far away. Following the defection of Khieu Samphan there was a 3 way power struggle that involved Pol Pot, Ta Mok, and Son Sen. Son Sen was to be murdered, Pol Pot was to be placed under house arrest and Ta Mok was to become the last paramount leader of the Khmer Rouge.

End of the party

Following the mass defections as part of the win-win policy of Hun Sen the Khmer Rouge were left as a rump organization. The provisional government and the Cambodian National Unity Party were eventually dissolved on June 22nd 1998. Ta Mok was to flee into the mountainous border with Thailand, but for all intents the CNUP and the Khmer Rouge were over.

Unlike in previous times there was to be no successor to the Cambodian National Unity Party, and no one has since claimed any kind of lineage to the Khmer Rouge. The ruling CPP stating their origins as 1951, but disavowing the 1960 formation of the Workers Party of Kampuchea.

Today there is no such thing as a communist party in Cambodia.

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Dap Prampi Mesa Moha Chokchey – The Khmer Rouge National Anthem

For such a genocidal regime it appears that the Khmer Rouge were quite a musical bunch, with there even being a YouTube channel dedicated to their songs.

On April 17th  1975 The Khmer Rouge set up the new nation of Democratic Kampuchea, and if you have your own country then you gotta have a tune to play at stuff like the olympics (Democratic Kampuchea did not take part in the olympics).

On the 5th of January 1976 the Democratic Kampuchean constitution was proclaimed, and as part of that Dap Prampi Mesa Moha Chokchey” (Khmer: ដប់ប្រាំពីរមេសាមហាជោគជ័យ, “Glorious Seventeenth of April”) Was proclaimed the new national tune. The 17th of April being when the country had been “liberated” by the Khmer Rouge.

The anthem…

First verse

The bright scarlet blood

Flooded over the towns and plains of our

motherland Kampuchea,

The blood of our great workers and farmers,

Our revolutionary fighters’ blood, both men and women.

Second verse

Their blood produced a great anger and the courage

To contend with heroism.

On 17 April, under the revolutionary banner,

Their blood freed us from the state of slavery.

Chorus

Hurrah, hurrah,

For the glorious 17 April!

That wonderful victory had greater significance

Than the Angkor period!

Third verse

We are uniting

To construct a Kampuchea with a new and better society,

Democratic, egalitarian and just.

We follow the road to firmly-based independence.

Fourth verse

We absolutely guarantee to defend our motherland,

Our fine territory, our magnificent revolution!

Fifth verse

Hurrah, hurrah,

Hurrah! For the new Kampuchea

A splendid, democratic land of plenty!

We guarantee to raise aloft and wave the red banner of the revolution.

We shall make our motherland prosperous beyond all others,

Magnificent, wonderful!

The end!

Who wrote this magnificent tune?

The anthem of Democratic Kampuchea was allegedly at least written by none of that himself, a Mr Pol Pot.

Few would argue that the song is full of Revolutionary zeal, with lots of mentions of April 17th being thrown in. My own personal favorite line though, and perhaps where they jumped the zhark a tad is;

“That wonderful victory had greater significance

Than the Angkor period! “

The  Angkor period being when Cambodia created Angkor Watt and basically ran South-East Asia. A particularly bold term for  regime that lasted three and a half years…..

After the Vietnamese backed faction of the Khmer Rouge vanquished Democratic Kampuchea and declared the it the equally catchy Peoples Republic of Kampuchea you’d expect that the song would have gone too, but things were about to get complicated!

The new state threw out the old anthem, but the Khmer Rouge were allowed to keep the UN seat as the “recognized” government until 1993. This meant that whilst the country was trying to recover from the brutal regime of the Khmer Rouge officially at least they were still singing “Glorious Seventeenth of April”.

It truly is a funny old world…..

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Cara Memilihara Agar Mata Tetap Sehat Dan Terang

Mata Sehat dan terang merupakan mata yang cukup memiliki Pandangan yang sangat jelas, Bila kalian yang memiliki pandangan Kurang jernih atau kurang jelas itu tandanya mata kalian tidak sehat.

Bagi yang memiliki mata tidak sehat sangat mengganggu aktivitas dan Keberlangsungan seseorang,gangguan mata sangatlah tidak boleh Diabaikan karena akan sangat menimbulkan dampak semakin buruk Pada mata.

Ciri- Ciri Bagi Yang Memiliki Mata Sehat

Mata yang cukup sehat diantaranya dapat melihat sesuatu dengan Pandangan yang sangat jelas, jernih dan tidak memiliki penyakit apapun Atau tidak memiliki gejala penyakit apapun.

Sangat Memiliki Penglihatan Cukup Jernih

Penglihatan Jernih merupakan Penglihatan setegah istilah yang dapat Diungkapkan memiliki kejelasan atau ketajaman pada jarak yang ingin Ditempuh. Bila kalian memiliki penglihatan setengah artinya kita sangat Memiliki ketajaman mata optimal karena mampu melihat sesuatu yang Seharusnya terlihat pada jarak 6meter.

Tidak Memiliki Rasa Sakit Pada Mata

Bila Kalian Memiliki Mata berdenyut, Mata Bengkak, Pedih atau Sesuatu mengala pada mata segaralah mencari dokter atau segera Berkonsultasi pada dokter.

Agar Dokter dapat mentangi/mengobati mata anda secara cepat. Jangan dibiarkan terlalu bila mengalami gejala semua itu karena dapat Mengakibatkan patal terhadap mata.

Kelembapan Yang Baik Bagi Mata

Mata yang lembab pastinya memiliki lapisan air sebagai yang berfungsi Sebagai pelumas mata, bagi kalian mengeluarkan air mata, mata terasa Kering atau tidak nyaman maka mata bisa diakibatkan oleh kondisi Lingkungan seperti mata lelah/dehidrasi pada mata.

Kandangkala yang memiliki gangguan pada mata kerap, Selain dapat Berdampak pada penglihatan pastinya sangat beresiko menimbulkan Masalah yang sanagat perih.